A number of conditions can lead to severe damage of and progressive failure of one or more of the valves of the heart. The valves of the heart may then need to be replaced. This is a form of ‘open heart’ surgery. A number of different types of valve replacement are available and your surgeon will talk to you in detail about the various options. In some cases, the damaged valve can be repaired rather than replaced. Occasionally patients require a combined valve replacement and bypass operation.
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