This is the surgical removal of a breast. This may be performed because the cancer is large, or because of the personal preference of the patient. There are different methods of performing a mastectomy, which are governed by the position of the cancerous lesion, the choice of the patient, or advised by the surgeon.
Additionally mastectomies may be performed for other reasons, such as the total removal of both breasts because the patient has a gene that increases their risk of getting breast cancer to an unacceptable level. This is known as bilateral Prophylactic mastectomies.
Also male patients who have developed gynaecomastia (breast tissue in a male), either on one or both sides, can opt for a mastectomy. There is often fatty tissue surrounding the breast tissue that can be removed at the same time.
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